Definition of gender and sex
Feminist views on transgender topics General Many feminists consider sex to only be a matter of biology and something that is not about social or cultural construction. Limitations Some feminists go further and argue that neither sex nor gender are strictly binary concepts. So… for those who want to progress with the times and embrace the full spectrum of human identity, a common question arises: Furthermore, indiscriminate use of the word gender tends to obscure the distinction between two different topics: Nouns referring to people and animals of known sex are generally referred to by nouns with the equivalent gender. Instead, gender is based on the societal constructions and belief systems put in place that deal with masculinity and femininity.
For example, the human "sex difference" in height is a consequence of sexual selection, while the "gender difference" typically seen in head hair length women with longer hair is not. Women have two X chromosomes, whereas men possess 1 X chromosome and 1 Y chromosome. For example, not all women lactate, while some men do. It is this Y chromosome in men that causes the testes to form as the Y chromosome is dominant. Transgender is also an umbrella term: For those who need a quick recap on human genetics, men and women both possess 46 chromosomes, as well as two sex chromosomes. Finally, it is possible to say that in addition to its advantages for health, sports is very important for women in having a more effective role in the society in terms of But some others claim that the differences between men and women result from both of them and it is not convenient to put forward both of them as the same reasons Lippa, ; Oertelt-Prigione et al. The gender identity that most people adhere to is usually unconscious, or forced upon us at an early age. Sex does impact gender, but neither of these qualities in a person is a definition. The distinction can be problematic, however. Lorber writes, "My perspective goes beyond accepted feminist views that gender is a cultural overlay that modifies physiological sex differences [ The term sex difference could then be re-defined as between-sex differences that are manifestations of a sexually dimorphic adaptation which is how many scientists use the term ,   while the term gender difference could be re-defined as due to differential socialization between the sexes of a monomorphic adaptation or byproduct. Sex vs gender The term sex refers to biological characteristics, namely chromosomes, internal and external sex organs, and the hormonal activities within the body. According to the Intersex Society of North America , "nature doesn't decide where the category of 'male' ends and the category of 'intersex' begins, or where the category of 'intersex' ends and the category of 'female' begins. Prev Article Next Article The difference between sex and gender is that sex is a biological concept based on biological characteristics, whereas gender deals with personal, societal and cultural perceptions of sexuality. Transgender and Genderqueer Transgender people experience a mismatch between their gender identity or gender expression , and their assigned sex. Language and gender Since the social sciences now distinguish between biologically defined sex and socially constructed gender, the term gender is now also sometimes used by linguists to refer to social gender as well as grammatical gender. Thus Mann meaning man is masculine and is associated with a masculine definite article to give der Mann, while Frau meaning woman is feminine and is associated with a feminine definite article to give die Frau. Some people maintain that the word sex should be reserved for reference to the biological aspects of being male or female or to sexual activity, and that the word gender should be used only to refer to sociocultural roles. Instead, all behaviors are phenotypes—a complex interweaving of both nature and nurture. By definition, males have small, mobile gametes sperm ; females have large and generally immobile gametes ova or eggs. Traditionally, however, a distinction has been made by linguists between sex and gender, where sex refers primarily to the attributes of real-world entities — the relevant extralinguistic attributes being, for instance, male, female, non-personal, and indeterminate sex — and grammatical gender refers to a category, such as masculine, feminine, and neuter often based on sex, but not exclusively so in all languages , that determines the agreement between nouns of different genders and associated words, such as articles and adjectives. In some situations this distinction avoids ambiguity, as in gender research, which is clear in a way that sex research is not. Many people do not firmly fit within one gender, and instead embrace the concept of gender fluidity. According to literature on gender role, females with more feminine than masculine characteristics have more gender role conflict and these are less relaxed when compared to those who are masculine and have androgynous characteristics Miller et al. In modern English, there is no true grammatical gender in this sense,  though the differentiation, for instance, between the pronouns "he" and "she", which in English refers to a difference in sex or social gender , is sometimes referred to as a gender distinction.
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