Non commercial sex site
Discussion This cross-sectional study shows that despite relatively higher exposure to vulnerability factors such as violence, forced sex, and anal sex HIV prevalence was lower among FSWs with noncommercial partners compared to those who reported no noncommercial partners. FSWs who reported husband as noncommercial partner were considered to have a regular partner, while the rest were defined as having nonregular partners. Conclusions In conclusion, the study results show that although FSWs who only have commercial sex partnerships have the highest burden of HIV, vulnerability to HIV is significantly higher among those who have noncommercial partnerships, particularly those who are in nonregular sexual partnerships. Commercial partners were either occasional clients those whom FSWs did not know and recognize or regular clients those whom FSWs knew well and recognized. It has been noticed that married truckers were more likely to use condoms with nonmarital nonregular partners than their unmarried counterparts, possibly to protect themselves and their spouse from infection [ 17 , 18 ]. To obtain self-weighted samples at county venues, the number of men and women interviewed at each venue was proportional to the number at the venue at the time the interviewers arrived. Child sex tourism Some people travel to engage in sex with child prostitutes in a practice called child sex tourism.
Rather, we intend to highlight possible positive mechanisms associated with regular sexual relationships to less risk taking as compared to nonregular sexual relationships. However, despite a great deal of interest in sexual tourism amongst theorists, methodologically thorough and detailed studies remain rare,  despite the increasing accessibility of such groups for study in the past three decades. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the staff from Shandong University School of Public Health, Nanning Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, and Qingdao Center for Disease Control and Prevention for their participation in the study, and to all the participants who willingly gave their time to provide the study data. Presence and Nature of Noncommercial Partnerships The two key independent variables in this study were presence of noncommercial sexual partners no, yes and nature of such partnerships regular, nonregular. Indeed, HIV prevalence among FSWs in the country is about 15 times higher than in the low-risk general population [ 3 , 4 ]. View at Google Scholar R. In venues with private party rooms, such as in many KTVs, the number of rooms was counted and two rooms were randomly selected. Data were drawn from a cross-sectional behavioral and biological survey conducted in among FSWs from Andhra Pradesh. Fifth, according to a previous study among FSWs in China, 38 the RDS approach might have a potential to underestimate the prevalence of syphilis. Second, the use of the T. This was done by estimating separate logistic regression models with the following binary no, yes outcome variables: Analysis Data were analyzed using SAS software. Results The proportion of respondents reporting recent non-commercial one-time-sex ranged from HIV prevention programs need to emphasize safe sex behaviors, particularly among FSWs who have nonregular partners. No weights were applied to sub-group analyses, as every person within our four analysis groups urban men, county men, urban women, county women had an equal chance of selection. In contrast to middle-aged FSWs, younger FSWs usually are not burdened by commitments to support their family as a majority of them are single. However, further studies need to be conducted to investigate potential factors for the low HIV prevalence. Methods We surveyed and tested for evidence of syphilis men and women at randomly selected social venues in urban Liuzhou, China and three surrounding counties. Written consent was required before the interview process could begin. Among those who agreed to undergo the informed consent process, only two persons refused. For the urban sample of venues for this study, we revisited each of the selected urban venues, characterized 74 as entertainment venues, and selected 21 of these with probability proportional to the expected number of patrons at the venue at a busy time based on information obtained during the site re-visit. Liuzhou, in Guangxi Province, is an industrial city and regional transportation hub with a population of 3. Inconsistent condom use was defined as failure to use a condom in every vaginal sexual encounter with a particular type of partner during the past one week. Compared to FSWs who did not have a noncommercial partner, a larger proportion of FSWs with noncommercial partners were younger mean age: Domestic sex tourism involves travel within the same country, while trans-national sex tourism involves travel across national borders.
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