Public registry for sex offender
In New York specifically, kidnapping and unlawful imprisonment are registerable offenses only if the victim is under 17 and the offender is not a parent of the victim. Offense classified as Tier I offense in one state with no public disclosure, might be classified as Tier II or Tier III offense in another, leading to considerably longer registration period and public disclosure. Florida requires all felons, regardless of the crime, to register with law enforcement for 5 years after release, although the Florida felon registry is not available to the general public. At least one state Illinois reclassifies all registrants moving in the state into the highest possible tier Sexual Predator , regardless of the original tier of the person, leading to a lifetime registration requirement and being publicly labelled as a "Sexual Predator". Like the Australian and British registers, the New Zealand sex offenders register will not be accessible to the general public but only to officials with security clearance. In some US jurisdictions, the level of offender is reflecting the evaluated recidivism risk of the individual offender, while in others, the level is designated merely by the virtue of conviction, without assessing the risk level posed by the offender. Kansas has publicly accessible registries of people convicted of both serious drug offenses and people convicted of crimes involving a weapon. Montana, for example, has a publicly accessible violent offender registry that includes crimes such as aggravated assault, robbery, assaulting a police officer, both deliberate and non-deliberate homicide and a third conviction for domestic violence. According to a Department of Justice study, 5.
For example, residency restrictions will make it harder for a sex offender's spouse and children, not just a sex offender themselves, to find housing. At least one state Illinois reclassifies all registrants moving in the state into the highest possible tier Sexual Predator , regardless of the original tier of the person, leading to a lifetime registration requirement and being publicly labelled as a "Sexual Predator". News reports in revealed that some registered sex offenders were living outside or under the Julia Tuttle Causeway in Miami, Florida because Miami-Dade County ordinances, which are more restrictive than Florida's state laws, made it virtually impossible for them to find housing. Persons who are registered Sex Offenders from other jurisdictions are not registered when they immigrate or are deported to Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States offenders are often classified in three categories: Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Montana all have publicly accessible registries for those convicted of murder. Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses[ edit ] Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses. The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes. A November Maryland Court of Appeals ruling exempts homeless persons from that state's registration requirements, which has prompted a drive to compose new laws covering this contingency. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. According to a Department of Justice study, 5. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure. More than half of the children of sex offenders say that fellow students treat them worse due to a parent's RSO status. Some states exclude low tier offenders from public registries while in others, all offenders are publicly listed. Despite the public perception of sex offenders as having high recidivism, sex offenders had the second lowest recidivism rate, after only murderers, but sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison. Sex offenders who have completed probation or parole may also be subject to restrictions above and beyond those of most felons. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders. However political lobby group the Sensible Sentencing Trust has criticised the proposed register for its lack of public access. Kansas has publicly accessible registries of people convicted of both serious drug offenses and people convicted of crimes involving a weapon. However, in other localities, the complete lists are not available to the general public but are known to the police. This Sex Offenders Registry is only accessible to the Police Service and other branches of government. Instead, registration is a mandatory collateral consequence of criminal conviction. The results of the study were that sex offender recidivism was, in fact, slightly lower in states where sex offenders were not required to register. Public disclosure of sex offender information[ edit ] Currently, only the United States allows, and more often than not requires public disclosure of offender information, regardless of individual risk. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party.
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