Why some societies allow same sex marriages
Religious and secular expectations of marriage and sexuality Over time the historical and traditional cultures originally recorded by the likes of Bachofen and Morgan slowly succumbed to the homogenization imposed by colonialism. Badgett's book will help scholars in a variety of social scientific fields and members of the public to gain a more full and realistic understanding of same-sex marriage and its place in societies. The practice of same-sex love in ancient Greece often took the form of pederasty , which was limited in duration and in many cases co-existed with marriage. United States In the United States the question of whether couples of the same sex should be allowed to marry has roiled politics since at least She is the author of Money, Myths, and Change: For example, by the middle of the first decade of the s, a Eurobarometer poll carried out by the European Commission found that four-fifths of the citizens of the Netherlands felt that same-sex marriage should be legal throughout Europe; in a further seven countries Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg , Spain, Germany , and the Czech Republic , a majority held a similar view. As the electorate in Maine simultaneously reversed its previous decision, the three states became the first in the country to approve same-sex marriage at the ballot box. A fourth view, libertarianism , had different premises from queer theory but somewhat similar ramifications; it proposed that government powers should be strictly limited, generally to the tasks of maintaining civil order, infrastructure , and defense. Last updated Sep 23, Share Terry McFadden looks at the upcoming marriage equality referendum from an anthropological point of view to make a case for a more nuanced understanding of same-sex marriage.
Marriage and Misogyny in Catholic Ireland In Ireland, the overwhelming context by which marriage is defined is the family. This is an argument for understanding gay marriage comparatively with monogamous, heterosexual marriage from an anthropological perspective, which is the dominant form of marriage within the Irish state. Woman-woman marriages Across the world, there were societies in pre-colonial Africa that permitted women to marry other women. What would this new step portend? This was the case in both Iran, where a strong Muslim theocracy had criminalized same-sex intimacy, and Denmark , where the findings of a conference of Evangelical Lutheran bishops representing the state religion had helped smooth the way for the first national recognition of same-sex relationships through registered partnerships. Instead, the widow could pay a bride price and perform other rituals needed to marry another woman, Epprecht said. The state, in turn, argued that it had a compelling interest in preventing same-sex marriage, as that practice would inherently damage the public good. The three major schools of Buddhism —Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana—stressed the attainment of enlightenment as a basic theme; most Buddhist literature therefore viewed all marriage as a choice between the two individuals involved. The Obama administration disagrees with DOMA but as of the moment, there is nothing drastic they can do about it because it is not unconstitutional. They often proscribed behaviours that other countries viewed as subject to moral, rather than legal, regulation. Soon after this finding, Hawaiian legislators added such a definition to the state constitution and thus made moot the issuing of marriage licenses to same-sex partners. All books by M. The widow would then act as the husband in the relationship, and preserve her inheritance and family lineage, Epprecht said. There have always been gay people, and they've often married, "just not to each other," Abbott said. Typically, these societies provide for the automatic inheritance of property between spouses, and between parents and children, and allow these close kin to co-own property without joint ownership contracts. Finally gay marriage, by being on the same legislative footing as heterosexual marriage, will most likely benefit diversity and creativity in social thinking and cultural behaviour. We heterosexuals need to consider who we are to deny the rights of transfer we ourselves have the option to enjoy through marriage. Sexual partnerships are one of a number of factors that bond adults together into stable household units. As one may notice, same sex marriages are not legal in all the parts of the United States. Conversely, other cultures essentially denied the existence of same-sex intimacy, or at least deemed it an unseemly topic for discussion of any sort. Same sex marriage may be accepted in some states but it does not mean that it is warmly accepted. Life for same sex couples is still difficult because society sees it as a breaking away from the norms. Other forms of marriage have been observed to function equally well. Perhaps because systems of religion and systems of civil authority often reflect and support each other, the countries that had reached consensus on the issue by the early s tended to have a single dominant religious affiliation across the population; many such places had a single, state-sponsored religion. Marriage, regardless of its form, is characteristically never simply a relationship between individuals alone but rather a positive, legally recognised social contract also between groups who desire it extended family, friends, including community, the broader State etc. Three of the nine justices asked for a legal precedence of same-sex marriage, when they listened on April 28 to arguments on whether the institution should be, in essence, legal and recognized countrywide. Many of these jurisdictions, as well as those that actively criminalize same-sex unions, contended that homosexuality and lesbianism are mental disorders and built their public policies on this premise.
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